There are three prominent compositional techniques in this photo. The first is telling a story. The photo brings us on a journey from inside a dark cave, along the winding, jagged rocks, and up into the light. The second is the diagonal. The rocks follow a diagonal pathway from the bottom left to the upper right. The last is overlapping layers. We see each layer stacked one behind the other, from the closest jutting rock to the cliff wall in the back. Each layer also takes on a deep, vivid color, following a gradient from maroon to bright yellow. The photographer uses a small aperture, meaning less light enters the camera, to ensure the entire image is in focus. The photographer also most likely used bracketing. Because there is such a change in lighting from the bottom to the top of the photo, he/she most likely took several photos, altering the exposure and focusing on different parts, and combining them later on to create a whole, well-exposed and developed image.